Tuesday, 17 June 2014

Common Mistakes in CV / Resume

I have just received an email from one of my cousin asking for suggestions on his CV/ Resume  , He is fresh graduate with 1 year experience in the field. I must admit reviewing a CV/ Resume is very time consuming job and it depends upon your mood mainly.

I am not going to give you a long lecture how to write a CV or what to write and what not to write . This month I have seen more than 50 CVs across the globe including US and Europe and just 50 CVs don't make me an Expert but I strongly believe that I know a little bit how to polish your CV that stands out.

So here is my experience in the form of points.

  1. Spelling and Grammatical errors  
  2. I hate CV that is not properly aligned
  3. If you like table please make sure you align them properly.
  4. Try to use BOLD and ITALIC  in your CV to highlight your achievements.  Avoid using too much of bold and Italic.
  5.  Good font is key point I like using Times New Roman with size 12 .
  6. Stick to similar line spacing, 1.0 is best.
  7. Punctuation mistakes are quiet common in the CV.
  8. Unwanted capitalisation .
  9. Too long CV , I don't have enough time to read it and I have 10 more to go (no more than 2 to 3 pages MAX;  2 are ideal )
  10. Average time a hiring manager spend on your CV is no more than 30 seconds , If you catch him in 30 Seconds you got interview call . 
  11.  Make sure your CV reflects career progression and meaningful contribution.
  12. Don't tell what you might be able to do mention what you are good at , don't make false promises.(do not LIE)
  13. If you cannot tell you cannot sell , use small sentences and bullet points. (Easy to understand sentences.)
  14. Do not copy paste CV Templates, please never do this.
  15. Please don't put photo on your CV if it is not asked . 
  16. Avoid fancy fonts I am not interested in art works. 
  17. Make decision on putting date of birth , I personally do not put my DOB. 
  18. Objective statement should be detailed enough to give an idea of your job and career progression. 
  19. Unprofessional email address tomboy@blabla.com 
  20. If you put Facebook profile link make sure it is clean :) trust me recruiter will check it. 
  21. Avoid using pronouns like I and try to use active verb. 
  22. Avoid putting too personal information , I came across one CV in which system admin mentioned he left the job because he had an argument with CEO visiting nude websites. 
  23. I don't understand why people mention their high school I did Metric from ABC school in year 1990 (why I need this information, unless Matriculation is the only qualification you have) 
  24. Don't focus too much on your role that you did 10 years ago focus on your latest role , if you worked on COBOL I am not keen on this I need to know can you program in Java and what you have done in last couple of years. 
  25. I do not recommend putting references on the  CV unless mentioned specifically. 
  26. It is always good idea to have a cover letter.
  27. It is always good idea to have 5 to 6 lines summary of your experience that is relevant to the job role you are applying for.Make sure you mentioned all the key words.
  28. Good to mention some accomplishment statements that shows a reader what you are really capable of.      

That is all from my side and I hope this will get you to the interview room , All the best for job searching . Keep looking :) 


Tuesday, 7 May 2013

200-120 Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices: Accelerated (CCNAX) v2.0

I have receved a lot of emails requests what is channged in NEW CCNA 200-120 starting from 01st of October 2013 , I have downloaded Exam outine from cisco Website and highlighted the new changes, Feel Free to comment on this if you find any discripency

A part from this Cisco has excluded mainly Voice , Wirless and SDM stuff from CCNA R&S
1                Operation of IP Data Networks
·       Operation of IP Data Networks
·       Recognize the purpose and functions of various network devices such as Routers, Switches, Bridges and Hubs.
·       Select the components required to meet a given network specification.
·       Identify common applications and their impact on the network
·       Describe the purpose and basic operation of the protocols in the OSI and TCP/IP models.
·       Predict the data flow between two hosts across a network.
·       Identify the appropriate media, cables, ports, and connectors to connect Cisco network devices to other network devices and hosts in a LAN
2                LAN Switching Technologies
·       Determine the technology and media access control method for Ethernet networks
·       Identify basic switching concepts and the operation of Cisco switches.
o      Collision Domains
o      Broadcast Domains
o      Types of switching
o      CAM Table
·       Configure and verify initial switch configuration including remote access management.
o      Cisco IOS commands to perform basic switch setup
·       Verify network status and switch operation using basic utilities such as ping, telnet and ssh.
·       Identify enhanced switching technologies
o      RSTP
o      PVSTP
o      Ethercnannels
·       Describe how VLANs create logically separate networks and the need for routing between them.
o      Explain network segmentation and basic traffic management concepts
·       Configure and verify VLANs
·       Configure and verify trunking on Cisco switches
o      DTP
o      Auto negotiation
·       Configure and verify PVSTP operation
o      describe root bridge election
o      spanning tree mode
3                IP addressing (IPv4 / IPv6)
·       Describe the operation and necessity of using private and public IP addresses for IPv4 addressing
·       Identify the appropriate IPv6 addressing scheme to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment.
·       Identify the appropriate IPv4 addressing scheme using VLSM and summarization to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment.
·       Describe the technological requirements for running IPv6 in conjunction with IPv4 such as dual stack
  • Describe IPv6 addresses   In old exam the topic says Describe IPv6 addresses (so this is the only difference)
o      Global unicast
o      Multicast
o      Link local
o      Unique local
o      eui 64
o      autoconfiguration
4                IP Routing Technologies
·       Describe basic routing concepts
o      CEF
o      Packet forwarding à This was part of old course
o      Router lookup process à This was part of old course
·       Describe the boot process of Cisco IOS routers
o      POST
o      Router bootup process
·       Configure and verify utilizing the CLI to set basic Router configuration
o      Cisco IOS commands to perform basic router setup
·       Configure and verify operation status of a device interface, both serial and ethernet
·       Verify router configuration and network connectivity
o      Cisco IOS commands to review basic router information and network connectivity
·       Configure and verify routing configuration for a static or default route given specific routing requirements
  • Manage Cisco IOS Files in old Exam it was called Manage Cisco IOS.
o      Boot preferences
o      Cisco IOS image(s)
o      Licensing
§       Show license
§       Change license
·       Differentiate methods of routing and routing protocols
o      Static vs. Dynamic
o      Link state vs. Distance Vector
o      Administrative distance
o      split horizon
o      metric
o      next hop
o      ip routing table
o      Passive Interfaces
·       Configure and verify OSPF (single area)
o      Benefit of single area
o      neighbor adjacencies
o      OSPF states
o      Discuss Multi area
o      Configure OSPF v2
o      Configure OSPF v3
o      Router ID
o      Passive interface
o      LSA types
·       Configure and verify EIGRP (single AS)
o      Feasible Distance / Feasible Successors /Administrative distance
o      Feasibility condition
o      Metric composition
o      Router ID
o      Auto summary
o      Path selection
o      Load balancing (It was discussed in our lectures)
§       Equal
§       Unequal
o      Passive interface
·       Configure and verify interVLAN routing (Router on a stick)
o      sub interfaces
o      upstream routing
o      encapsulation
·       Configure SVI interfaces
5                IP Services
·       Configure and verify DHCP (IOS Router)
o      configuring router interfaces to use DHCP
o      DHCP options
o      excluded addresses
o      lease time
·       Describe the types, features, and applications of ACLs
o      Standard
§       Sequence numbers
§       Editing
o      Extended
o      Named
o      Numbered
o      Log option
·       Configure and verify ACLs in a network environment
o      Named
o      Numbered
o      Log option
·       Identify the basic operation of NAT
o      Purpose
o      Pool
o      Static
o      1 to 1
o      Overloading
o      Source addressing
o      One way NAT
·       Configure and verify NAT for given network requirements
·       Configure and verify NTP as a client
·       Recognize High availability (FHRP)
o      VRRP
o      HSRP
o      GLBP
·       Configure and verify Syslog
o      Utilize Syslog Output
·       Describe SNMP v2 & v3
6                Network Device Security
·       Configure and verify network device security features such as
o      Device password security
o      Enable secret vs enable
o      Transport
o      Disable telnet
o      SSH
o      VTYs
o      Physical security
o      Service password
o      Describe external authentication methods
·       Configure and verify Switch Port Security features such as
o      Sticky MAC
o      MAC address limitation
o      Static / dynamic
o      Violation modes
§       Err disable
§       Shutdown
o      Protect restrict
o      Shutdown unused ports
o      Err disable recovery
o      Assign unused ports to an unused VLAN
o      Setting native VLAN to other than VLAN 1
·       Configure and verify ACLs to filter network traffic
·       Configure and verify an ACLs to limit telnet and SSH access to the router
7                Troubleshooting
·       Identify and correct common network problems
·       Utilize netflow data
·       Troubleshoot and correct common problems associated with IP addressing and host configurations.
·       Troubleshootand Resolve VLAN problems
o      identify that VLANs are configured
o      port membership correct
o      IP address configured
·       Troubleshoot and Resolve trunking problems on Cisco switches
o      correct trunk states
o      correct encapsulation configured
o      correct vlans allowed
·       Troubleshoot and Resolve Spanning Tree operation issues
o      root switch
o      priority
o      mode is correct
o      port states
·       Troubleshoot and Resolve routing issues
o      routing is enabled
o      routing table is correct
o      correct path selection
·       Troubleshoot and Resolve OSPF problems
o      neighbor adjancies
o      Hello and Dead timers
o      OSPF area
o      Interface MTU
o      Network types
o      Neighbor states
o      OSPF topology database
·       Troubleshoot and Resolve EIGRP problems
o      neighbor adjancies
o      AS number
o      Load balancing
o      Split horizon
·       Troubleshoot and Resolve interVLAN routing problems
o      Connectivity
o      Encapsulation
o      Subnet
o      Native VLAN
o      Port mode trunk status
·       Troubleshoot and Resolve ACL issues
o      Statistics
o      Permitted networks
o      Direction
§       Interface
·       Troubleshoot and Resolve WAN implementation issues
o      Serial interfaces
o      PPP
o      Frame relay
·       Troubleshoot and Resolve Layer 1 problems
o      Framing
o      CRC
o      Runts
o      Giants
o      Dropped packets
o      Late collision
o      Input / Output errors
·       Monitor NetFlow statistics
·       Troubleshoot etherchannel problems
8                WAN Technologies
·       Identify different WAN Technologies
o      Metro Ethernet
o      VSAT
o      Cellular 3G / 4G
o      MPLS
o      T1 / E1
o      ISDN
o      DSL
o      Frame relay
o      Cable
o      VPN
·       Configure and verify a basic WAN serial connection
·       Configure and verify a PPP connection between Cisco routers
·       Configure and verify Frame Relay on Cisco routers
·       Implement and troubleshoot PPPoE